Vermont has a humid continental climate, with muddy springs, in general a mild early summer, hot Augusts; it has colorful autumns: Vermont's hills reveal red, orange, and (on sugar maples) gold foliage as cold weather approaches.
The rural northeastern section known as the "Northeast Kingdom" often averages 10 °F (5.6 °C) colder than the southern areas of the state during winter.
is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. Lake Champlain forms half of Vermont's western border with New York.
states of Massachusetts to the south, New Hampshire to the east and New York to the west, and the Canadian province of Quebec to the north.
It is believed that at one point, Vermont was connected to Africa (Pangaea) and the fossils found and the rock formations found on the coasts in both Africa and America are further evidence of the Pangaea theory.
By the mid-19th century, wild turkeys were exterminated in the state through overhunting and destruction of habitat.
It is an example of geological fault thrusting where bedrock is pushed over the newer rock formation.
As a result of tectonic formation, Vermont east of the Green Mountains tends to be formed from rocks produced in the Silurian and Devonian periods.
say that the mountains were called green because they were more forested than the higher White Mountains of New Hampshire and Adirondacks of New York; others say that the predominance of mica-quartz-chlorite schist, a green-hued metamorphosed shale, is the reason.
The Green Mountain range forms a north–south spine running most of the length of the state, slightly west of its center.
As of 2015, Vermont was the leading producer of maple syrup in the United States.
For thousands of years indigenous peoples, including the Mohawk and the Algonquian-speaking Abenaki, occupied much of the territory that is now Vermont and was later claimed by France's colony of New France.
In the southwest portion of the state are the Taconic Mountains; the Granitic Mountains are in the northeast.