The country's archaeological sites draw more than two million visitors a year. Potash, phosphate, and gypsum mining and the manufacturer of cement, fertilizers, and refined petroleum products are the largest industries. Jordan is among the world's top three potash exporters.Since the Gulf War, the number of immigrants has increased greatly, leading to a severe trade deficit and a labor market that has not produced enough jobs. Jordan's economy is heavily impacted by its location in the Middle East, the arid landscape, its relationship with its neighbors, and its dependence on foreign aid.
A covering is placed on the floor, with a large tray of rice and meat placed in the center surrounded by small dishes of yogurt and salad. When people visit family and friends, tea, Turkish-style or Arabic-style coffee, or fruit juice is served.
Torn pieces of bread are folded in half and used to scoop the food. Often this meal includes sweets, especially on holidays.
The rennet in the lining of the pouch, combined with the heat of the sun, caused the milk to form curds, and cheese was discovered.
Bedouin farmers keep herds of goats and sheep whose milk is used to produce cheese and yogurt.
The national main dish is Mansaf, which consists of lamb cooked in dried yogurt and served with seasoned rice on flat bread. The service sector, consisting of government, tourism, transportation, communication, and financial services contributes the most to the economy, employing 70 percent of the workforce.
Mansaf is always served on holidays and special family occasions such as visits to relatives or friends, engagements, and weddings. Amman has developed into a regional business center. Land ownership is the goal of many, but few can afford the cost.Nomadic people, predominantly Bedouin, account for more than 10 percent of the total population.The population is young, with a birthrate that is double the world average; 43 percent of the people are under age fifteen. English is taught to all students and is widely spoken. The flag has black, white, and green horizontal stripes with a red triangle on the hoist side bearing a white seven-pointed star.Jordanians are defined as residents who have lived east of the Jordan River since before 1948.Palestinians are defined as residents whose birthright extends back to areas west of the Jordan River.After the 1967 war with Israel and Iraq's 1990 invasion of Kuwait, there were sudden and massive influxes of Palestinian Arab refugees, who now make up more than two-thirds of the population.